Pioneering Sustainability: A Deep Dive into Costa Rica’s Eco-Conscious Practices

Coldwell Banker Pacific Realty | 27th February 2024 | Share
Pioneering Sustainability: A Deep Dive into Costa Rica’s Eco-Conscious Practices

The small Central American nation of Costa Rica is renowned not only for its stunning natural beauty but also for its pioneering efforts in environmental conservation and sustainable development. From its ambitious renewable energy goals to its extensive network of protected areas, Costa Rica stands as a shining example of what can be achieved when a nation commits to safeguarding its natural heritage while fostering economic prosperity and social well-being.

Throughout this blog, we'll explore the various facets of Costa Rica's sustainability journey, from its thriving ecotourism industry to its commitment to carbon neutrality by 2050. We'll dive into the intricacies of sustainable agriculture, delve into community-led conservation projects, and shine a spotlight on the remarkable biodiversity that calls this country home.

Whether you're seeking to call Costa Rica your future home, an avid traveler seeking eco-friendly destinations, or simply curious about the remarkable strides being made in sustainability, our blog invites you to discover the magic of this country and the inspiring stories of those dedicated to preserving its precious ecosystems for generations to come.



Costa Rica stands out globally for its exceptional commitment to conservation efforts. Renowned for its rich biodiversity, the country has implemented various initiatives to preserve its natural heritage. Costa Rican national parks encompass over 30% of its land area, and their biodiverse tropical rainforests cover 60%. Additionally, the government has incentivized reforestation programs and sustainable agriculture practices, aiming to combat deforestation and promote biodiversity conservation. In 2019, Costa Rica was honored with the prestigious Champion of the Earth award, the highest environmental accolade bestowed by the United Nations. This recognition was granted in acknowledgment of the country's exceptional dedication to safeguarding nature and its steadfast commitment to implementing ambitious policies aimed at addressing climate change.

Renewable Energy

Renowned for its commitment to environmental conservation, the country has made significant strides in harnessing renewable resources, particularly hydropower, wind, and geothermal energy. With its abundant rainfall and mountainous terrain, hydropower has long been a cornerstone of Costa Rica's energy strategy, supplying 66% of total energy. Additionally, the nation has made substantial investments in wind energy, capitalizing on its coastal and mountainous regions to generate clean power. For many years Costa Rica has run on entirely renewable energy for an average of 300 days per year, which is something no other country its size can say. Furthermore,  the Costa Rican government has committed to a carbon neutral society by the year 2050. Costa Rica utilizes revenue generated from taxes on fuel, vehicle registration fees, and energy tariffs to finance the management of nature reserves and environmental services, such as maintaining clean air, preserving fresh water sources, and protecting biodiversity. Through these concerted efforts, Costa Rica has made remarkable progress in reducing its reliance on fossil fuels, setting a compelling example for sustainable energy transition on a global scale.


Costa Rica’s exceptional biodiversity, pristine natural landscapes, and commitment to conservation have made it a prime destination for eco-conscious travelers. The country has developed a robust ecotourism infrastructure, including eco-lodges, nature reserves, and guided tours that emphasize environmental education and responsible travel practices. In the last 10 years, ecotourism has contributed to more than 5% of Costa Rica’s GDP, with profits generally being re implemented into the country’s conservation efforts and reducing poverty in neighboring areas. Additionally, the government has implemented certification programs, such as the Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST), which encourages businesses in the tourism sector to adopt sustainable practices. The country keeps green areas, such as national parks, in their natural state despite the growing number of tourists that visit them every year. Costa Rica's marketing campaigns often highlight its natural wonders and eco-friendly attractions, attracting travelers who seek immersive experiences in nature while minimizing their ecological footprint.

Sustainable Agriculture

In 2012, the agricultural sector of Costa Rica faced a threat from farming methods that excessively exploit natural resources in pursuit of immediate financial gain. Due to the mass production of coffee, bananas, and pineapples, all which required pesticides and chemicals for exportation, the country has committed to more sustainable agricultural practices including organic farming. Furthermore, Costa Rica has established payment for ecosystem services (PES) programs, providing financial incentives for farmers to engage in conservation activities such as reforestation and soil conservation. The Costa Rican government is also known for compensating landowners for safeguarding mature forest regions and planting fresh trees to advance reforestation efforts, a practice that proves advantageous for both agricultural workers and forest ecosystems. Through research, policy support, and extension services, the country has created a conducive environment for the adoption of sustainable agricultural practices, ensuring the long-term viability of its agricultural sector while preserving its rich natural heritage.


As we conclude our journey through Costa Rica's remarkable sustainability efforts, one thing becomes abundantly clear: this small but mighty nation serves as a beacon of hope and inspiration for the world. From its lush rainforests teeming with biodiversity to its innovative renewable energy projects and community-driven conservation initiatives, Costa Rica demonstrates the profound impact that collective action and forward-thinking policies can have on safeguarding our planet's future.

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